Scruffing is a common technique used by cat owners and veterinarians to restrain cats during medical procedures, grooming, or to calm an aggressive cat. It involves grasping the loose skin on the back of the cat’s neck.
While scruffing is generally safe when done properly, there is debate about the appropriate age to stop this practice. As cats grow older, their skin becomes less elastic and scruffing can cause pain and stress. So what age should you stop scruffing a cat?
Understanding Scruffing and Its Effects
The scruff is the loose skin around a cat’s neck. Mother cats grasp this skin with their mouths to carry their kittens when they are young. The scruff has fewer nerve endings than other parts of a cat’s body, so grasping it triggers a calming response and causes the kitten to go still. This is an instinctual reaction, allowing the mother to relocate her kittens without struggle.
As cats mature, scruffing continues to induce a degree of immobilization and calmness. For this reason, veterinarians, groomers, and owners use it to:
- Restrain cats during medical exams or procedures
- Prevent injury from an aggressive or fearful cat
- Aid in grooming an uncooperative cat
However, scruffing should never be used as a form of punishment, as it can erode trust between the cat and the owner.
While scruffing has its uses, it’s important to consider the cat’s age and health. The technique can cause pain, stress, and even injury if done incorrectly or on a cat that is too old.
Signs Scruffing May Be Inappropriate for the Cat
As cats age, their skin and connective tissue gradually lose elasticity. By one year of age, the scruff is significantly less flexible. Continuing to scruff an adult or senior cat can cause:
- Discomfort or pain – Less elastic skin means more tension when grasped, which can hurt. Cats may vocalize or struggle to indicate pain.
- Fear and stress – An adult cat scruffed may feel vulnerable and anxious instead of calm. Elevated stress can exacerbate medical conditions.
- Increased aggression – A frightened, hurt cat is more prone to lash out with teeth and claws. Scruffing may trigger unwarranted attacks.
- Injury – Excessive pulling on fragile skin can result in scratches, lesions, and bruising. The cat may have lingering soreness.
- Lack of response – As the scruff loses sensitivity, the immobilization reflex diminishes. The cat may continue to struggle and resist handling.
If these behaviors occur when scruffing your adult cat, it likely indicates discomfort rather than relaxation. The technique should be avoided.
Age to Stop Scruffing Cats
Most veterinarians and experts agree that scruffing should not be used on cats over 9-12 months of age. By one year, the skin and tissue at the scruff area has lost much of its elasticity. Scruffing is likely to cause pain and offers limited benefit.
However, some factors influence just how long scruffing remains appropriate:
- Breed – Some breeds, like Siamese, have more flexible skin and can be scruffed slightly longer. Muscular, short-haired breeds may need earlier discontinuation.
- Health – Illness and conditions like hyperthyroidism that affect skin elasticity may mean scruffing is painful at a younger age.
- Temperament – Nervous cats may find handling stressful despite age. Confident, relaxed cats may tolerate gentle scruffing longer.
- Situation – Restraining a fractious cat for a vet visit may warrant brief scruffing the past year, especially if alternatives like towels don’t work. But routine scruffing should stop by 12 months.
While one year is the standard recommendation, close observation of the cat’s reaction is the best gauge of appropriate scruffing duration. If the technique elicits pain, fear, or aggression in an 8-month-old kitten, discontinuing it earlier is warranted.
Alternatives to Scruffing Adult Cats
Once scruffing is inappropriate for a cat due to age or temperament, alternative forms of restraint should be used. Some options include:
- Towel wraps – Swaddle the cat in a towel, leaving just the head exposed. This prevents scratching and biting.
- Harness restraint – Secure the cat’s body with a harness designed for veterinary use. These often have adjustable loops for limb control.
- Carriers/squeeze cages – Allow the cat to hide in a carrier or cage with sides that can gently apply pressure to limit movement. This can have a calming effect.
- Chemical restraint – In extreme cases, vets may prescribe oral sedatives to relax the cat prior to a procedure. Sedation also introduces risks.
- Positive reinforcement – Take time to reward calm behavior during handling using treats, petting, and praise. This can facilitate restraint with minimal stress.
- Pheromone sprays – Synthetic feline pheromones can produce relaxation when sprayed in the environment or applied directly. They come in both spray and collar form.
Knowing these options allows you to phase out scruffing gently as your cat ages. Proper handling minimizes anxiety for your cat – and you!
Signs It’s Time to Stop Scruffing
While most cats shouldn’t be scruffed past one-year-old, pay attention to your individual cat’s signals as well. Signs it’s time to retire this technique include:
- Vocalizing or hissing when scruffed
- Squirming, struggling, or trying to twist away
- Agitated body language – ears back, fur up, swishing tail
- Acting more aggressively after being scruffed
- Appearing fearful, withdrawn, or hiding after handling
- Sustaining injuries like scratches around the neck
- Lack of immobilization response when scruffed
If you observe any of these responses, even in a younger cat, discontinue scruffing right away and consult your vet for advice on alternatives.
Proper Technique for Scruffing Kittens and Younger Cats
While kittens and juvenile cats can be safely scruffed, proper technique remains vital to avoid causing harm:
- Grasp only the loose skin at the back of the neck, not the fur or actual neck. Use thumb and fingers, not the whole hand.
- Apply only very gentle pressure unless restraint is urgently needed. Lift lightly, with the cat’s body supported.
- Hold for no more than 30-60 seconds at a time.
- Avoid excessive pulling away from the body – always support the cat’s weight.
- Let go immediately if the cat struggles or vocalizes.
- Never lift off the ground by the scruff alone.
- Approach calmly and handle with care, not force. Scruff only when necessary.
Additionally, ensure your cat is healthy enough for scruffing. Kittens should be at least 4 weeks old and 2 lbs. Avoid scruffing cats who are injured, ill, or have fragile skin.
Ask Your Vet About Proper Scruffing Duration
While most experts advise discontinuing scruffing around 12 months, individual factors play a role. Check with your veterinarian about the appropriate duration for scruffing your cat based on health status, breed, and temperament.
Vets can also demonstrate proper scruffing techniques and guide you in integrating alternative restraint methods as your cat grows up. With some finesse and feline-friendly handling, you can keep your cat calm for vet visits without relying on the scruff.
- My Cat is Suddenly Stiff But Still Breathing: What Does This Mean and What Should I Do?
- How Long Should A Cat Wear A Cone After Neuter, Spay, Surgery And More?
- 5 Month Old Kitten: What to Expect During This Playful, Precocious Adolescent Stage
- Can Cats See Jinn? The Mysterious World Through a Cat’s Eyes
- Cat Not Sleeping After Surgery: Causes and Solutions